Bounding Boundaries: Building a Typology of Careers with the Concept of Boundary

  • Sébastien Dubois NEOMA Business School, Mont Saint-Aignan, France
  • Pierre François CNRS Centre de Sociologie des Organisations/Sciences Po, Amélie, Paris
Keywords: Career boundaries, Creative industries, Poetry, Career patterns, Awareness

Abstract

The core idea of this paper is that the concept of boundary can help us to understand the social form careers take. The concept of boundary has informed much of the literature on careers. Scholars are now looking beyond the boundaryless/boundaried divide as the boundaryless argument has been convincingly contested theoretically and empirically. This is what we do in this article. It offers a definition of career boundaries which can be empirically tested as both objective and subjective construct along two dimensions: the existence of fixed career patterns and that of individual, shared, or collective awareness of these patterns. This leads us to build a six-case typology combining these two dimensions. To test the explanatory power of this theoretical framework, we use the original case of French poets. As poets do not work in stable organizations, we could expect erratic careers. We find that poets’ careers are not erratic, but follow fixed patterns, structured by publishers and the pace of publications, with, respectively, shared and individual awareness of these patterns. We also find that similarly reputed poets tend to follow similar career patterns as they cross the same boundaries at a similar moment in their career. We end by discussing how our typology can help to understand careers, using examples from the literature from various professional settings.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Pierre François, CNRS Centre de Sociologie des Organisations/Sciences Po, Amélie, Paris

Pierre François is senior researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and director of the Doctoral School of Sciences-Po Paris

References


Aasve, A., Betti, G., Mazzuco, S. & Mencarini, L. (2007). Marital disruption and economic well being: A comparative analysis. Journal of Royal Statistical Society, 170(3), 781–799. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2007.00483.x


Abbott, A. (1988). The system of the professions. An essay of the division of expert labour. Chicago University Press.


Abbott, A. (1995a). Boundaries of social work or social work of boundaries?: The social service review lecture. The Social Service Review, 69(4), 545–562. doi: 10.1086/604148.


Abbott, A. (1995b). Things of boundaries. Social Research, 62(4), 857–882. www.jstor.org/stable/40971127.


Abbott, A. & Hrycak, A. (1990). Measuring resemblance in sequence data: An optimal matching analysis of musicians’ careers. American Journal of Sociology, 96(1), 144–185. doi: 10.1086/229495


Abbott, A. & Tsay, A. (2000). Sequence analysis and optimal matching methods in sociology: Review and respect. Sociological Methods & Research, 29(1), 3–33. doi: 10.1177/0049124100029001001.


Ahmadjian, C. L. & Robinson, P. (2001). Safety in numbers: Downsizing and the deinstitutionalization of permanent employment in Japan. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46(4), 622–654. doi: 10.2307/3094826


Alvesson, M., Bridgman, T. & Willmott, H. (2009). The Oxford handbook of critical management studies. Oxford University Press.


Anderson-Gough, F. (2018). Making up accountants: The organizational and professional socialization of trainee chartered accountants. Routledge.


Arthur, M. B. (1994). The boundaryless career: A new perspective for organizational inquiry. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15(4), 295–306. doi: 10.1002/job.4030150402


Arthur, M. B. (2014). The boundaryless career at 20: Where do we stand, and where can we go? Career Development International, 19(6), 627–640. doi: 10.1108/CDI-05-2014-0068.


Ashforth, B., Kreiner, G. & Fugate, M. (2000). All in a day’s work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25(3), 472–491. doi: 10.5465/amr.2000.3363315.


Assouline, P. (2006). Gaston Gallimard, un demi-sècle d’édition française. Gallimard.


Bagdadli, S. & Gianecchini, M. (2018). Organizational career management practices and objective career success: A systematic review and framework. Human Resource Management Review, 29(3), 353–370. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2018.08.001.


Bamberger, P., Admati-Dvir, M. & Harel, G. (1995). Gender-based wage and promotion discrimination in Israeli high-technology firms: Do unions make a difference? The Academy of Management Journal, 38(6), 1744–1761. doi: 10.5465/256853


Bar-Isaac, H. & Deb, J. (2014). What is a good reputation? Career concerns with heterogeneous audiences. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 34, 44–50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijindorg.2014.02.012


Barley, S. R. (1989). Careers, identities, and institutions: The legacy of the Chicago School of Sociology. In M. B. Arthur, D. T. Hall, & B. S. Lawrence (Eds.), Handbook of career theory (pp. 41–65). Cambridge University Press.


Barley, S. R. & Tolbert, P. S. (1997). Institutionalization and structuration: Studying the links between action and institution. Organization Studies, 18(1), 93–93. doi: 10.1177/017084069701800106


Becker, H. (1984). Art worlds. University of California Press.


Becker, H. S. (1952). The career of the Chicago Public School teacher. The American Journal of Sociology, 57(5), 470–477. doi: 10.1086/221015


Becker, H. S. (1963). Outsiders: Studies in the sociology of deviance. Free Press.


Becker, H. S. & Carper, J. (1956). The elements of identification with an occupation. American Sociological Review, 21(3), 341–348.


Bedecarré, M. (2017). Apprendre à écrire? Des formations étasuniennes de creative writing aux masters de création littéraire en France. In G. Sapiro & C. Rabot (Eds.), Profession? Écrivain. CNRS.


Bedeian, A. G., Cavazos, D. E., Hunt, J. G. & Jauch, L. R. (2010). Doctoral degree prestige and the academic marketplace: A study of career mobility within the management discipline. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9(1), 11–25. doi: 10.5465/amle.9.1.zqr11


Bedeian, A. G. & Feild, H. S. (1980). Academic stratification in graduate management programs: Departmental prestige and faculty hiring patterns. Journal of Management, 6(2), 99–115. doi: 10.1177/014920638000600201


Bernard, M.-J. & Barbosa, S. D. (2016). Résilience et entrepreneuriat: Une approche dynamique et biographique de l’acte d’entreprendre. M@n@gement, 19(2), 89–123. doi: 10.3917/mana.192.0089.


Bessy, C. (2010). Les avocats, un marché professionnel déstabilisé. Formation emploi. Revue Française de Sciences Sociales, 110, 35–48. http://journals.openedition.org/formationemploi/3026


Bielby, W. T. & Bielby, D. D. (1999). Organizational mediation of project-based labor markets: Talent agencies and the careers of screenwriters. American Sociological Review, 64(1), 64–85. doi: 10.2307/2657278


Biemann, T., Zacher, H. & Feldman, D. C. (2012). Career patterns: A twenty-year panel study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 159–170. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.06.003


Bird, A. (1994). Careers as repositories of knowledge: A new perspective on boundaryless careers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15(4), 325–344. doi: 10.1002/job.4030150404


Bird, A., Gunz, H. P. & Arthur, M. B. (2002). Careers in a complex world: The search for new perspectives from the “new science”. M@n@gement, 5(1), 1–14, doi: 10.3917/mana.051.0001


Bitektine, A. (2011). Toward a theory of social judgments of organizations: The case of legitimacy, reputation and status. Academy of Management Review, 36(1), 151–179. doi: 10.5465/amr.2009.0382.


Blickle, G., Schütte, N. & Wihler, A. (2018). Political will, work values, and objective career success: A novel approach – The trait-reputation-identity model. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 107, 42–56. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2018.03.002


Bol, T. (2015). Has education become more positional? Educational expansion and labour market outcomes, 1985–2007. Acta Sociologica, 58(2), 105–120. doi: 10.1177/0001699315570918


Bonnefoy, Y. (1995). La vérité de parole. Gallimard.


Bóo, F. L., Rossi, M. A. & Urzúa, S. S. (2013). The labor market return to an attractive face: Evidence from a field experiment. Economics Letters, 118(1), 170–172. doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2012.10.016


Boschetti, A. (2001). La poésie partout: Apollinaire, homme-époque (1898–1918). Seuil.


Bourdieu, P. (1978). Classement, déclassement, reclassement. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 24(1), 2–22. doi: 10.3406/arss.1978.2613


Bourdieu, P. (1980). Le capital social. Notes provisoires. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 31, 2–3.


Bourdieu, P. (1995). Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge University Press.


Bourdieu, P. (1996). The rules of art: Genesis and structure of the literary field. Stanford University Press.


Bourdieu, P. (1999). Une révolution conservatrice dans l’édition. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 126(1), 3–28. doi: 10.3406/arss.1999.3278.


Bourdieu, P. & Passeron, J.-C. (1964). Les héritiers: les étudiants et la culture. Editions de Minuit.


Bowness, A. (1989). The conditions of success. How the modern artists rise to fame. Thales & Hudson.


Braden, L. E. (2009). From the armory to academia: Careers and reputations of early modern artists in the United States. Poetics, 37(5–6), 439–455. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2009.09.004


Budtz-Jørgensen, J., Johnsen, C. G. & Sørensen, B. M. (2019). Against boundarylessness: The liminal career of the flexible employee. Organization, 26(6), 917–935. doi: 10.1177/1350508418821005


Castilla, E. J. (2008). Gender, race, and meritocracy in organizational careers. American Journal of Sociology, 113(6), 1479–1526. doi: 10.1086/588738


Caves, R. E. (2000). Creative industries: Contracts between art and commerce. Harvard University Press.


Centre international de poésie Marseille. (1992). Les états-généraux de la poésie. Musées de Marseille Editions.


Cerisier, A. (2009). Une histoire de la NRF. Gallimard.


Chadoin, O. (2007). Etre architecte: les vertus de l’indétermination. Presses Universitaires de Limoges.


Childress, C., Rawlings, C. M. & Moeran, B. (2017). Publishers, authors, and texts: The process of cultural consecration in prize evaluation. Poetics, 60, 48–61. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2016.10.001


Clarke, M. (2013). The organizational career: Not dead but in need of redefinition. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(4), 684–703. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2012.697475


Clegg, S. (1981). Organization and control. Administrative Science Quarterly, 26(4), 545–562. doi: 10.2307/2392339


Cnossen, B., Dekker, E. & Taskin, L. (2017). Management and organization in the work of Michel Houellebecq. M@n@gement, 20(3), 300–320. doi: 10.3917/mana.203.0300


Collot, M. (2000). Introduction à la poésie française du XXe siècle. In M. Collot (Ed.), Anthologie de la poésie française du XXème siècle, Tome II (pp. 835–860). Gallimard.


Collot, M. (2019). Le chant du monde dans la poésie française contemporaine. Corti.


Court, S. (1998). Academic tenure and employment in the UK. Sociological Perspectives, 41(4), 767–774. doi: 10.2307/1389668


Craig, A. (2007a). Practicing poetry. A career without a job. In C. Calhoun (Ed.), Practicing cultures (pp. 35–56). Routledge.


Craig, A. (2007b). Sustainability, reciprocity, and the shared good(s) of poetry. The Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society, 37(3), 257–270. doi: 10.3200/JAML.37.3.257-270


Craig, A. & Dubois, S. (2010). Between art and money: The role of readings in contemporary poetry, a new economy for literature? Poetics, 38(5), 441–460. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.poetic.2010.07.003


Dafou, E. (2018). Career boundaries and boundary-crossing by public sector employees. Career Development International, 23(2), 197–211. doi: 10.1108/CDI-12-2016-0241


Dany, F., Louvel, S. & Valette, A. (2011). Academic careers: The limits of the ‘boundaryless approach’ and the power of promotion scripts. Human Relations, 64(7), 971–996. doi: 10.1177/0018726710393537


Deguy, M. (1986). Choses de la poésie et affaires culturelles. Hachette.


Deguy, M. (1988). Le comité. Champ Vallon.


Delacour, H. & Leca, B. (2011). The decline and fall of the Paris Salon: A study of the deinstitutionalization process of a field configuring event in the cultural activities. M@n@gement, 14(1), 436–466, doi: 10.3917/mana.141.0436


Di Manno, Y. (1998). La poésie contemporaine en questions. Entretien avec Lionel Destremeau. Prétexte, 9.


Doga, M. (2016). Francis Ponge: trajectoire d’une reconnaissance littéraire tardive. COnTEXTES. Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature, 17. doi: 10.4000/contextes.6191.


Donnelly, R. (2008). Careers and temporal flexibility in the new economy: An Anglo-Dutch comparison of the organisation of consultancy work. Human Resource Management Journal, 18(3), 197–215. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-8583.2008.00072.x


Dowd, T. J. & Pinheiro, D. L. (2013). The ties among the notes: The social capital of jazz musicians in three metro areas. Work and Occupations, 40(4), 431–464. doi: 10.1177/0730888413504099


Dries, N., Van Acker, F. & Verbruggen, M. (2012). How ‘boundaryless’ are the careers of high potentials, key experts and average performers? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 271–279. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2011.10.006


Duberley, J., Cohen, L. & Mallon, M. (2006). Constructing scientific careers: Change, continuity and context. Organization Studies, 27(8), 1131–1151. doi: 10.1177/0170840606064105


Dubois, S. (2011). Joining the literary pantheon: How contemporary French poets attain renown. Revue Française de Sociologie, 52(5), 87–115. 10.3917/rfs.525.0087.


Durand, P. (2005). L’art d’être Hugo: lecture d’une poésie siècle. Actes Sud.


Durand, P. & Glinoer, A. (2008). Naissance de l’éditeur: l’édition à l’âge romantique. Les Impressions nouvelles.


Essers, C. & Benschop, Y. (2007). Enterprising identities: Female entrepreneurs of Moroccan or Turkish origin in the Netherlands. Organization Studies, 28(1), 49–69. doi: 10.1177/0170840606068256


Essig, E. & Soparnot, R. (2019). Re-thinking gender inequality in the workplace – A framework from the male perspective. M@n@gement, 22(3), 373–410. doi: 10.3917/mana.223.0373.


Forest, P. (1995). Histoire de Tel Quel. Seuil.


Foucault, M. (2004). Naissance de la biopolitique. Gallimard/Seuil.


François, P. & Lemercier, C. (2014a). Ebbs and flows of French capitalism. In T. David & G. Westerhuis (Eds.), The power of corporate networks (pp. 149–168). Routledge.


François, P. & Lemercier, C. (2014b). State or status capitalism? Some insights on French Idiosyncrasies using an interlocking directorates approach. Economic Sociology, 15(2), 17–33. https://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/156029


Franssen, T. (2015). Diversity in the large-scale pole of literary production: An analysis of publishers’ lists and the Dutch literary space, 2000–2009. Cultural Sociology, 9(3), 382–340. doi: 10.1177/1749975515583729


Franssen, T. & Kuipers, G. (2013). Coping with uncertainty, abundance and strife: Decision-making processes of Dutch acquisition editors in the global market for translations. Poetics, 41(1), 48–74. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2012.11.001


Franssen, T. & Kuipers, G. (2015). Sociology of literature and publishing in the early 21st century: Away from the centre. Cultural Sociology, 9(3), 291–295. doi: 10.1177/1749975515594467


Friedrich, H. (1999). Structure de la poésie moderne. Librairie Générale Française.


Giuffre, K. (1999). Sandpiles of opportunity: Success in the art world. Social Forces, 77(3), 815–883. doi: 10.1093/sf/77.3.815


Gleize, J.-M. (2003). Parnasses contemporains. De quelques revues. In D. Guillaume (Ed.), Poétiques et poésies contemporaines (pp. 69–83). Le temps qu’il fait.


Granovetter, M. S. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), 1360–1380. doi: 10.1086/225469


Grima, F. & Glaymann, D. (2012). A revisited analysis of the exit-voice-loyalty-neglect model: Contributions of a longitudinal and conceptually extended approach. M@n@gement, 15(1), 1–41. doi: 10.3917/mana.151.0002


Gubler, M., John, A. & Crispin, C. (2014). Organizational boundaries and beyond: A new look at the components of a boundaryless career orientation. Career Development International, 19(6), 641–667. doi: 10.1108/CDI-11-2013-0143


Guillaume, D. (2003). Poétiques et Poésies contemporaines. Le temps qu’il fait.


Gunz, H., Peiperl, M. & Tzabbar, D. (2007). Boundaries in the study of career. In H. Gunz & M. Peiperl (Eds.), Handbook of career studies (pp. 471–494). Sage.


Gunz, H. P., Lichtenstein, B. M. B. & Long, R. G. (2002). Self-organization in career systems: A view from complexity science. M@n@gement, 5(1), 63–88. doi: 10.3917/mana.051.0063


Haar, J. M., Russo, M., Suñe, A. & Ollier-Malaterre, A. (2014). Outcomes of work–life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: A study across seven cultures. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(3), 361–373. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.08.010


Haeri, K. (2017). L’avenir de la profession d’avocats. Ministère de la Justice.


Hagan, J., Zatz, M., Arnold, B. & Kay, F. (1991). Cultural capital, gender, and the structural transformation of legal practice. Law & Society Review, 25(2), 239–262. doi: 10.2307/3053798


Heinich, N. (1983). La perspective académique. Peinture et tradition lettrée: la référence aux mathématiques dans les théories de l’art au XVIIème siècle. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 49, 47–70. doi: 10.3406/arss.1983.2198


Heinich, N. (2005). L’élite artiste: excellence et singularité en régime démocratique. Gallimard.


Henz, U. & Mills, C. (2015). Work-life conflict in Britain: Job demands and resources. European Sociological Review, 31(1), 1–13. doi: 10.1093/esr/jcu076


Hernes, T. (2004). Studying composite boundaries: A framework of analysis. Human Relations, 57(1), 9–29. doi: 10.1177/0018726704042712.


Hewer, P., Brownlie, D. & Kerrigan, F. (2013). ‘The exploding plastic inevitable’: ‘Branding being’, brand Warhol & the factory years. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 29(2), 184–193. doi: 10.1016/j.scaman.2013.03.004


Hirsch, P. M. (1972). Processing fads and fashions: An organization-set analysis of cultural industry systems. American Journal of Sociology, 77(4), 639–659. doi: 10.1086/225192


Hoock, H. (2003). The King’s artists: The royal academy of arts and the politics of British culture 1760–1840. Oxford University Press.


Hughes, E. C. (1937). Institutional office and the person. American Journal of Sociology, 43(3), 404–413. doi: 10.1086/217711


Hughes, E. C. (1996). Carrières, cycles de vie et tournant de l’existence. In E. C. Hughes (Ed.), Le regard sociologique (pp. 165–174). Editions de l’EHESS.


Inkson, K., Gunz, H., Ganesh, S. & Roper, J. (2012). Boundaryless careers: Bringing back boundaries. Organization Studies, 33(3), 323–340. http://doi.org/10.1177/0170840611435600


Ituma, A. & Simpson, R. (2009). The ‘boundaryless’ career and career boundaries: Applying an institutionalist perspective to ICT workers in the context of Nigeria. Human Relations, 62(5), 727–761. doi: 10.1177/0018726709103456


Jaccottet, P. (2015). Une transaction secrète. Gallimard.


Jones, C. (1996). Careers in project networks: The case of the film industry. In M. B. Arthur & D. M. Rousseau (Eds.), The boundaryless career: A new employment principle for a new organizational era (pp. 58–75). Oxford University Press.


Jones, C. (2001). Co-evolution of entrepreneurial careers, institutional rules and competitive dynamics in American film, 1895–1920. Organization Studies, 22(6), 911–944, doi: 10.1177/0170840601226002


Karpik, L. (1995). Les avocats. Entre l’Etat, le public et le marché. XIIIème – XXème siècle. Gallimard.


Kilduff, M. & Corley, K. G. (1999). The diaspora effect: The influence of exiles on their cultures of origin. M@n@gement, 2(1), 1–12. https://management-aims.com/index.php/mgmt/article/view/4140


King, Z., Burke, S. & Pemberton, J. (2005). The ‘bounded’ career: An empirical study of human capital, career mobility and employment outcomes in a mediated labour market. Human Relations, 58(8), 981–1007. doi: 10.1177/0018726705058500


Lam, A. (2019). Hybrids, identity and knowledge boundaries: Creative artists between academic and practitioner communities. Human Relations, 73(6), 837–866. doi: 10.1177/0018726719846259


Lamont, M. & Molnar, V. (2002). The study of boundaries in the social sciences. Annual Review of Sociology, 28(1), 167–195. doi: 10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141107


Lang, G. E. & Lang, K. (1988). Recognition and renown: The survival of artistic reputation. American Journal of Sociology, 94(1), 79–109. doi: 10.1086/228952


Lang, K. & Lang, G. E. (2002). Reputation. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 13210–13216). Elsevier.


Langley, A., Lindberg, K., Mørk, B. E., Nicolini, D., et al. (2019). Boundary work among groups, occupations, and organizations: From cartography to process. Academy of Management Annals, 13(2), 704–736. http://doi.org/10.5465/annals.2017.0089


Laudel, G., Bielick, J. & Gläser, J. (2018). Ultimately the question always is: ‘What do I have to do to do it right?’ Scripts as explanatory factors of career decisions. Human Relations, 72(5), 932–961. doi: 10.1177/0018726718786550


Leclair, D. (2007). René Char: là où brûle la poésie: biographie. Aden.


Lesnard, L. (2006). Optimal matching and social sciences. Documents du Crest, 1, 1–25.


Lips-Wiersma, M. & Hall, D. T. (2007). Organizational career development is not dead: A case study on managing the new career during organizational change. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28(6), 771–792. doi: 10.1002/job.446


Lunden, R., Ekelund, B. G. & Blom, M. B. (2002). Literary generations and social authority: A study of US prose-fiction debut writers, 1940–2000. Poetics, 30(5–6), 299–309. doi: 10.1016/S0304-422X(02)00026-8


Lupu, I. (2012). Approved routes and alternative paths: The construction of women’s careers in large accounting firms. Evidence from the French Big Four. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 23(4–5), 351–369. doi: 10.1016/j.cpa.2012.01.003


Mallon, M., Duberley, J. & Cohen, L. (2005). Careers in public sector science: Orientations and implications. R&D Management, 35(4), 395–407. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9310.2005.00397.x


Maulpoix, J.-M. (2001). Frictions. In F. Smith & C. Fauchon (Eds.), Zigzag poésie (pp. 79–85). Autrement.


McAlearney, A. S. (2006). Leadership development in healthcare: A qualitative study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27(7), 967–982. doi: 10.1002/job.417


McClellan, J. E. (1993). L’Europe des Académies. Dix-huitième Siècle, 25(1), 153–165. doi: 10.3406/dhs.1993.1916


Menger, P.-M. (1999). Artistic labor markets and careers. Annual Review of Sociology, 25, 541–574. doi: 10.1146/annurev.soc.25.1.541


Menger, P.-M. (2001). Le paradoxe du musicien: le compositeur, le mélomane et l’Etat dans la société contemporaine. L’Harmattan.


Menger, P.-M. (2014). The economics of creativity. Harvard University Press.


Merton, R. K. (1968). The Matthew effect in science. Science, 159(3810), 56–63. doi: 10.1126/science.159.3810.56


Moen, P. & Orrange, R. M. (2002). Careers and lives socialization, structural lag, and gendered ambivalence. Advances in Life Course Research, 7, 231–260. doi: 10.1016/S1040-2608(02)80036-3


Mouaci, A. (2001). Les poètes amateurs: approche sociologique d’une conduite culturelle. L’Harmattan.


Moulin, R. (1994). The construction of art values. International Sociology, 9(1), 5–12. doi: 10.1177/026858094009001001


Moulin, R. (2003). Le marché de l’art: mondialisation et nouvelles technologies. Flammarion.


Mounin, G. (1962). Poésie et société. PUF.


Neale, S. & Smith, M. (2013). Contemporary Hollywood cinema. Routledge.


Peltoniemi, M. (2015). Cultural industries: Product–market characteristics, management challenges and industry dynamics. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(1), 41–68. doi: 10.1111/ijmr.12036


Petit, Y. (2012). Book review. In G. Cattani, S. Ferriani, L. Frederiksen & F. Täube (Eds.) (2011) Project-based organizing and strategic management. M@n@gement, 15(3), 333–342. doi: 10.3917/mana.153.0333.


Pleij, H. (2002). Restyling ‘wisdom,’ remodeling the nobility, and caricaturing the peasant: Urban literature in the late medieval low countries. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 32(4), 689–704. doi: 10.1162/002219502317345565


Pouly, M.-P. (2016). Playing both sides of the field: The anatomy of a ‘quality’ bestseller. Poetics, 59, 20–34. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2016.02.002.


Preece, C. & Kerrigan, F. (2015). Multi-stakeholder brand narratives: An analysis of the construction of artistic brands. Journal of Marketing Management, 31(11–12), 1207–1230. doi: 10.1080/0267257X.2014.997272


Preisig, F. (2007). Le poète de cour: condition sociale et représentation de soi chez Marot et Ronsard. Travaux de littérature, 20, 75–88.


Quick, K. S. & Feldman, M. S. (2014). Boundaries as junctures: Collaborative boundary work for building efficient resilience. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 24(3), 673–695. doi: 10.1093/jopart/mut085


Rigolot, F. (2002). Poésie et Renaissance (Vol. 486). Seuil.


Rodrigues, R. & Guest, D. (2014a). Beyond the duality between bounded and boundaryless careers: New avenues for careers research. Career Development International, 19(6). doi: 10.1108/CDI-09-2014-0123


Rodrigues, R. & Guest, D. (2014b). Bounded, boundaryless or both? An empirical exploration of the link between perception of boundary strength and mobility across multiple career domains. International Congress of Applied Psychology, Paris, France.


Rodrigues, R., Guest, D. & Budjanovcanin, A. (2016). Bounded or boundaryless? An empirical investigation of career boundaries and boundary crossing. Work, Employment & Society, 30(4), 669–686. doi: 10.1177/0950017015570726


Rodrigues, R. A. & Guest, D. (2010). Have careers become boundaryless? Human Relations, 63(8), 1157–1175. doi: 10.1177/0018726709354344


Rosengren, K. E. (1985). Time and literary fame. Poetics, 14(1–2), 157–172. doi: 10.1016/0304-422X(85)90009-9


Roubaud, J. (1978). La vieillesse d’Alexandre. Maspéro.


Roubaud, J. (1995). Poésie, etcetera, ménage. Stock.


Sapiro, G. (1998). La guerre des écrivains (1940–1953). Fayard.


Sapiro, G. (2003). The literary field between the state and the market. Poetics, 31(5–6), 441–464. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2003.09.001


Sapiro, G. (2016). The metamorphosis of modes of consecration in the literary field: Academies, literary prizes, festivals. Poetics, 59, 5–19. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2016.01.003


Sapiro, G. (2019). The writing profession in France: Between symbolic and professional recognition. French Cultural Studies, 30(2), 105–120. doi: 10.1177/0957155819844155


Schworm, S. K., Cadin, L., Carbone, V., Festing, M., Leon, E., & Muratbekova-Touron, M. (2017). The impact of international business education on career success—Evidence from Europe. European Management Journal, 35(4), 493–504. doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2017.02.009


Sgourev, S. V. (2013). How Paris gave rise to Cubism (and Picasso): Ambiguity and fragmentation in radical innovation. Organization Science, 24(6), 1601–1617. doi: 10.1287/orsc.1120.0819


Simonin, A. (1998). L’édition littéraire. In P. Fouché (Ed.), L’édition depuis 1945 (pp. 30–87). Cercle de la Librairie.


Spiro, J. (2004). Creative poetry writing. Oxford University Press.


Staniland, N. A., Harris, C. & Pringle, J. K. (2019). Indigenous and boundaryless careers: Cultural boundaries in the careers of Ma¯ori academics. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 1–20. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2019.1651377.


Stéfan, J. (2005). Rencontre avec Tristan Hordé. Paris: Argol.


Stjerne, I. S. & Svejenova, S. (2016). Connecting temporary and permanent organizing: Tensions and boundary work in sequential film projects. Organization Studies, 37(12) 1771–1792. doi: 10.1177/0170840616655492


Storper, M. (1989). The transition to flexible specialization in the US film industry, external economies, the division of labour and the crossing of industrial divides. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 13(2), 273–305. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.cje.a035094


Thompson, M. J. (2015). False consciousness reconsidered: A theory of defective social cognition. Critical Sociology, 41(3), 449–461. doi: 10.1177/0896920514528817


Tilly, C. & Tarrow, S. (2006). Contentious politics. Paradigm.


Vaillant, A. (2017). L’histoire littéraire. Armand Colin.


Verboord, M. (2011). Market logic and cultural consecration in French, German and American bestseller lists, 1970–2007. Poetics, 39(4), 290–315. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2011.05.002


Vercier, B. & Viart, D. (2005). La littérature française au présent. Bordas.


Viala, A. (1985). Naissance de l’écrivain: sociologie de la littérature à l’âge classique. Editions de Minuit.


Weber, M. (1978). Economy and society. An outline of interpretive sociology. University of California Press.


White, C. & White, H. C. (1992). Canvases and careers. Institutional change in the French painting world. University of Chicago Press.


Wijnberg, N. M. & Gemser, G. (2000). Adding value to innovation: Impressionism and the transformation of the selection system in visual arts. Organization Science, 11(3), 323–329. doi: 10.1287/orsc.11.3.323.12499


Wilensky, H. L. (1961). Orderly careers and social participation: The impact of work history on social integration in the middle mass. American Sociological Review, 26(4), 521–539. doi: 10.2307/2090251


Zhao, W. & Zhou, X. (2013). Intraorganizational career advancement and voluntary turnover in a multinational bank in Taiwan. Career Development International, 13(5), 402–424. doi: 10.1108/13620430810891446


Zwaan, K., ter Bogt, T. F. M. & Raaijmakers, Q. (2010). Career trajectories of Dutch pop musicians: A longitudinal study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(1), 10–20. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2010.03.004

Published
2020-12-16
How to Cite
Dubois, S., & François, P. (2020). Bounding Boundaries: Building a Typology of Careers with the Concept of Boundary. M@n@gement, 23(4), 44–64. https://doi.org/10.37725/mgmt.v23i4.4461
Section
Original Research Articles